Biological control has been one of the emerging trends in the crop protection industry driven by the need for sustainable farming. Chemical pesticides have been playing an important role in improving the yield across the globe; however they impact the soil and water. Apart from the environmental issues, ineffectiveness of these products on various pests has become a major concern among growers. This is due to the increasing cases of pesticide resistance across the world. Pesticide resistance is defined as the decreased vulnerability of a pest group to a particular pesticide that was effective at controlling the pest.
Pests develop resistance and pass on their genetic traits to their offspring. It has become one of the major concerns in the farming community as well as pesticides industry, as chemical products have been ineffective on pests that have developed resistance. Currently, over 500 species are estimated to have developed resistance to one or more pesticides. Few examples include: Glyphosate-resistant weeds in soybean, cotton farms, and fruit flies are becoming resistant to malathion. Similarly DDT is ineffective against malaria in few regions.
Biological control is one of the methods where pests are controlled by the use of natural enemies such as predators, parasitoides and microbial pathogens. Few species have developed resistance against bacterial pathogens. However, predators, parasitoids and nematodes overcome this problem of pest resistance as they prey on pests naturally. Increasing cases of chemical pesticide resistance is set to pace up the shift of farmer’s preference towards biological control methods. Furthermore, increasing research and awareness on harmful impact of chemical pesticides on natural pollinators and beneficial insects further fuels the adoption of BioControl Agents. The BioControl Agents Market is set to reach $2,871.6m by 2020 at a CAGR of 13.1% in the coming five years.